Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador

The first edition of Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador came out in February 1981 and it dealt with the 1980 archaeology field season. The paper copy version of this journal saw six volumes produced from 1980 through 1986. There was a brief attempt to re-establish the journal online in the late 1990s, but that attempt only saw two volumes produced for 1996 & 1997. In the last few years the Provincial Archaeology Office Annual Review has somewhat revived the Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador tradition.

I would argue that the original 1980-86 volumes contain some of the most important and widely read articles on Newfoundland and Labrador archaeology ever written. Therefore, the journal itself has played a pivotal role in shaping Newfoundland and Labrador archaeology. The paper volumes of this journal contain articles on some of the most important sites in the province such as Port au Choix, Red Bay, Ferryland, Shuldham Island, Boyd’s Cove, Fleur de Lys, Nulliak Cove, Stock Cove and Red Indian Lake. Some of the people who have shaped Newfoundland and Labrador archaeology such as Tuck, Fitzhugh, Renouf, Loring, Pastore, Thomson and Penney wrote these articles.

As good as the series was, there were a few problems with it. One thing in particular was the photocopied grey-scale photographs. Most of the time they were clear but there were always a few that could have been better. With that in mind you can imagine how excited I was when I recently came across a box labeled “Archaeology in Nf and Lab Series Layouts and Originals 1983, 1984, 1986”. Unfortunately, we don’t have the originals for 1980-82 & 1985. I decided I’d scan and enlarge a few photos from the 1983, 1984 & 1986 volumes to allow you to see even more detail.

Nulliak Brook caribou fence (IbCp-25) showing lines of boulders converging on caribou trail. P. 43 Fitzhugh, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1983. (Cropped & Zoomed)
Boyd’s Cove Feature 83-3, a concentration of fire-cracked rocks. This feature appears to be associated with the prehistoric Little Passage complex. P. 123 Pastore, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1983.
DdBq-1 Dorset Material
A to O – Unground end blades
P – Partially ground end blades
Q to U – Scrapers
V to W – Concave scrapers
X to BB – Scrapers P. 139 Simpson, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1983.
Point Revenge corner-notched projectile points from Blanc Sablon, P.Q. Lawrence Jackson collection. P. 153 Loring, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1984.
Large diameter rope and a single-sheaved block found beneath the bow of the ship. (Photo by: D. Page). P. 213 Ringer, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1984.
Military artifacts: Scale 1:1. Metals shown prior to conservation. a-1. Regimental buttons: a. Royal Artillery ca. 1785-a. 1802; b. Royal Regiment of Artillery, ca. 1802-ca. 1820; c. Royal Artillery, 1833-1838; d. Royal Artillery, 1838-1855; e. Royal Newfoundland Companies, 1842-1862; f. Newfoundland Constabulary, 1871-; g. 15th (York East Riding) Regiment on Foot; h. probably Royal Newfoundland Regiment, 1795-1802; i. back of 2-piece flat button (reverse of a); j. back of 2-piece domed button (reverse of c); k. back of 3-piece button; 1. back of 3-piece button, inscribed “P. Tait & Co. Limerick” (reverse of g). m-q. miscellaneous: m. shako chinstrap plate, probably Royal Artillery , 1816-1829; n. shako chinstrap plate, probably Royal Artillery, 1846-1855; o. brass attachment for ammunition pouch; p. shako chinstrap scale; q. gunflint. Identification of items f and h was provided by Bernard Ransom, Newfoundland Museum. P. 375 Ferguson, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1984.
A sample of historic period artifacts from the site of Fort Nascopie. From top to bottom, these are transfer printed whiteware ceramics, English creamware sherds, kaolin pipe stems and a bawl fragment, a copper kettle lug, and a padlock. P. 103 McCaffrey, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1986.
Tikkoatokak-1 Point Revenge component top to bottom,
left to right:
Comer-notched bifaces
Comer-notched projectile points
Large broad-bladed bifaces; stemmed biface (proximal) P. 71 Loring, Archaeology in Nf & Lab 1986.

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